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hypertextuality in online journalism

The use of this empirical methodology allows observing the latest developments on the incorporation of tools from digital journalism, establishing scales of use, applying a qualitative analysis, based on real data, of causes and consequences derived from the use of these tools, and laying the foundations for longitudinal analyses. In this essay it is argued that by exposing previously hidden journalistic processes, the high speed of online news plays a part in this orientation towards transparency in journalism. Relación entre multimedialidad, hipertextualidad e interactividad en la prensa digital española: análisis empírico. It is observed that recommended ones are mucho more relevant in Colombian newspapers, although in general contextual ones are those prioritized in digital writing. In the analysis of the newspaper El Tiempo (Tables 3 and 4; confidence interval = 95%, margin of error= 1.3%), a more intense use of hypertextuality is observed (0.51 links per piece), although these figures are still far from the Spanish ones. Journalism as it is practiced online. The cases of El Tiempo and El Espectador in the context of the digital Colombian press2. of Online Journalism Eugenia Siapera and Andreas Veglis In 1993, a couple of months after the launch of the first web browser, Mosaic, the University of Florida ’ s Journalism Department launched what is generally considered to be the first online journalism web site. Author: Joan Francesc Fondevila Gascón (Universitat Abat Oliva) y Herlaynne Segura Citation:  Fondevila Gascón, Joan Francesc; Segura, Herlaynne (2012). Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. The global average of the media sample analyzed presents a high amount of links, close to two hyperlinks (1.83) per content unity. EuropeAid. These challenges have a lot to do with interactivity and hypertextuality, as ways of getting the audiences engaged in the news. Characteristics of Journalism. These spaces are promoted by the digital press in order to build opinion, but "they are becoming places for hate management, polarisation, and, in the worst case, unanimity" (Acosta, 2008: 16; Calderín and Segura 2010). Documento de Grupo de Trabajo eLAC2007. El Mundo presents 1.99 links per content unit, 44.78% of which are contextual, 43.08% are relational and 12.12% are recommended. They worked almost 24 hours a day, from 6am to 3 or 4am of the following day. This temporal retrospective entails more difficulty, more need for research, extending not only to the period during which the linked content is shown, but also to before if the chosen medium has created a digital archive even reaching some centuries before. Pamplona: XXV Congreso CICOM (Universidad de Navarra). Percentages of contextual, relational and recommended links out of all links in the digital newspaper ElTiempo.com. Check if you have access via personal or institutional login, Multimediality, Interactivity and Hypertextuality, Department of Media Studeis, Jadavpur University, Inference generation during online study and multimedia learning, The Four-Component Instructional Design Model: Multimedia Principles in Environments for Complex Learning. The most recent study (Fondevila Gascón, 2011) on two traditional newspapers also with a paper product (El País, in Spanish, and Avui, in Catalan) and on two digital pure players or digital-born Spanish newspapers (El Confidencial and Libertad Digital, in Spanish, and Vilaweb and e-Notícies, in Catalan), show that digital newspapers are increasingly and more satisfyingly using hypertextual resources, although improvements are still possible. 4, iss. The data from the newspaper El Espectador (tables 1 and 2; confidence interval = 95%, margin of error = 0.9%) reflect a very low use of hypertextuality. ISSN 17512786 Images; Details Online Journalism : Modelling the First Generation of News Media on the World Wide Web. Revista Cuartillas, 15, 84-87. Our study follows the empirical methodology from the Grupo de Investigación sobre Periodismo Digital y Banda Ancha [Research Group on Digital Journalism and Wide Band], created at Universitat Abat Oliba CEU in 2008, which starts with quantitative analysis from hypertextuality, multimedia and interactivity to later deal with qualitative aspects (Fondevila Gascón, 2009a, 2009b, 201… The paper looks at the ways fashion blogs define themselves in relation to traditional fashion journalism and the traditional fashion press. El Espectador was the second newspaper in Bogotá while owned by the Cano family until it was sold in the 1980s due to the economic crisis and an attack on its installations caused by drug trafficking. Bibliography. (2008). El Tiempo, one of the Latin American pioneers in implementing a website, had it updated every minute, as in news agencies. The online news media offered little more than written text and pictures at the initial stage, but numerous sites currently offer audio and video content, including streamed and real-time signals. "Hipertextuality in digital journalism in Colombia"  [on line]. NASCIMENTO, Emanuel Angelo. Revista Digital En.red.ando. Madrid (UCM): I Congreso Internacional "Sociedad Digital". Oficina de Cooperación. However, some resistance was detected among journalists mistrusting the digital format; despite in 2008 ElTiempo.com received 3 million visits from Monday to Friday and half during the weekend, whereas the circulation of the written edition was of 300,000 dairy copies from Monday to Friday and close to 600,000 on Sundays. (eds.). Madrid: Ariel. Certainly, a special ability is required in relation to ideas, combined with the quickness demanded by the digital ecosystem. 1, pp. L'ús del llenguatge multimèdia a la premsa digital a Catalunya i Espanya: estudi empíric [en línea]. Rocamora, Agnès (2012) Hypertextuality and remediation in the fashion media: the case of fashion blogs. Hypertext is text displayed on a computer display or other electronic devices with references to other text that the reader can immediately access. Economic crisis' metaphors: hypertextuality and discourse on on-line journalism. Error reading resource from path "/hipertext/web/en/_estructura/peu.html". El Tiempo was the only newspaper handling substantial differences in both versions (titles, paragraph construction and extension) and adapted to modern theories of digital writing. Percentages of contextual, relational and recommended links out of all pieces of news in the digital newspaper ElEspectador.com. (450 words) 4. The credo of transparency is openness, and the interactive potential of digital media has been identified as one key element in achieving openness. In an age where ‘if you are not online, you don’t exist at all’ (Oblak, 2005), new challenges have raised as fundamental aims for on-line journalism practices. A case study, Challenges for open access journals: quantity, quality and economic sustainability, Hypertextuality in digital journalism in Colombia, Multidimensional communicative strategies: the Russian Victory, New technologies and communication of emergencies, http://www.upf.edu/hipertextnet/en/numero-10/hipertextualidad-periodismo-digital-colombia.html, The cases of El Tiempo and El Espectador in the context of the digital Colombian press, (tables 1 and 2; confidence interval = 95%, margin of error = 0.9%), http://www.cibersociedad.net/congres2009/es/coms/lus-del-llenguatge-multimedia-a-la-premsa-digital-a-catalunya-i-espanya-estudi-empiric/119/, http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/315/321, http://www.ec.ubi.pt/ec/07/pdf/gascon-multimedia.pdf. Despite there is not a strict rule to follow, it is advisable to at least include a link per piece, even one link on average. "Periodismo digital en Colombia: dos años después el panorama es alentador". Currently, online news sites are not limited to newspaper but in broadcasting. Online = real time Online journalism can be published in real time, updating breaking news and events as they happen. Online journalism has three defining characteristics – hypertextuality, interactivity and multimediality. Characteristics of online journalism Hypertextuality A news story is connected to other stories, archives, and resources and so on through hyperlinks Interactivity • Complexity of choice available • Responsiveness to the user • Facilitation of interpersonal communication -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2011). "Retrospectiva y potencial del periodismo digital". The development of the digital format was seen as a threat by print newspapers. Characteristics of online journalism Hypertextuality A news story is connected to other stories, archives, and resources and so on through hyperlinks Interactivity • Complexity of choice available • Responsiveness to the user • Facilitation of interpersonal communication Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection. Even so, regarding one of the bases of implementation of digital journalism (hypertextuality understood in high quantitative and balanced qualitative terms) the Colombian newspapers analyzed (El Espectador and El Tiempo) are still in a basic stage of development. Media practitioners – journalists, advertising and public relations professionals, layout artists, web developers and others – usually develop an intuitive understanding of the way narratives work in different media environments, including the online one. Previous posts in this series: Part 1: The revolution that never happened Part 2: The assets In the third part of this series I will take a closer look at the research on hypertext in online journalism and to what degree this asset of new technology has been and is utilized in online journalism. Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, vol. -Fundación Telefónica (2007). Algunos trabajos desde el ámbito universitario. Hypertextuality, multimediality and interactivity as key features of online journalism have the potential to add extra layers of content to a story and provide readers with more varied points of view, background information, figures, infographics, podcasts, video clips, etc. Later, direct mail has been incorporated, comments have been enabled in each piece of news, some chats have been arranged between users and guests, and "participatory journalism" (Gillmor, 2004) has developed allowing contents to be published after being revised. Practical aspects of online journalism are explained with a number of case studies. -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2010a). "Estudio comparativo entre las versiones impresa y digital de los principales diarios colombianos" [en línea], Revista Lasallista de Investigación, 5:2, 48-62. http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/src/inicio/ArtPdfRed.jsp?iCve=69550207. Huesca: Asociación de la Prensa de Aragón, 2011, 169-180. The initial gap between digital and traditional journalism was mitigated and unified newsrooms started to appear. It … The confidence interval stands at 95% (significance 5%). (eds.). XI Congreso de Periodismo Digital de Huesca-2010. If we  delve into the qualitative use of these links, we observe the predominance of contextual ones (more in El Espectador) and relational ones (more in El Tiempo) over recommended ones, that either do not appear (El Espectador) or remain in a symbolic percentage (El Tiempo, 1.89%). Balance is detected in El Mundo between contextual and relational links, whereas recommended ones remain very far behind; in Avui, contextual links are predominant, but relational ones are almost as present as recommended ones. The regionalization process has significantly increased: each of the important regions and cities has one or several newspapers of its own. 3. Online Journalism in Bangladesh 1. Industrias de contenidos en Latinoamérica. 19-35. http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/315/321. Recommended links tend to be external links in statistic terms, and they are also the least present. "Online" includes many venues. To remain valid, audioanswer systems had to adopt strategies such as wav messages to mobile telephones and incorporating a website where they also published the contents of the telephone system, but, finally, in 2008, they succumbed to the obvious strengths offered by Internet (Calderín and Segura, 2010). Drawing on the notions of hypertextuality and remediation, it contributes to a recurring question in academic studies of digital culture: how new are new media? Moreover, online news sites could be online-only without counterpart. ??? Most newspapers come from specific families, and after becoming journalistic companies, the impact of Internet has caused mutations in both their structure and business models (Fondevila Gascón, 2010d), bringing about their metamorphoses (Fidler, 1997). Table 1. With the exception of El Tiempo, the rest was behind in writing, structuring and complementing pieces of news, since it was usual to reproduce the printed version. The Online Journalism Handbook : Skills to Survive and Thrive in Digital Age. These make it quite different not only from print but also from radio and television. Medios de comunicación: el escenario iberoamericano. Deuze, M. (2001). It also provides an insight into the unique nature of the medium by placing e-journalism within a broad social context. This percentage is higher on pure players, especially Vilaweb, that make a more intense use of hypertextuality than newspapers with both paper and digital versions. Finally, recommended links are those that document and contribute interest information illustrating the piece of news from a more thorough perspective. Relación dialógica o comunicación paranoica: un análisis de lo que acontece en los foros del lector que promueve la prensa digital en Colombia. -Segura, H. (2007). -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2010b). The book attempts to equip the reader with the skills needed to use internet technology in journalism. -Segura, H. (2003). Only in El País and El Colombiano the presence of photo galleries was observed as a reinforcement of the informative discourse, but not that of infographics. It also impacts on journalism: the ability to link pages, sites and documents stands out as one of the features that essentially differentiates online news from other media. Digital newspapers, corporate websites and social networks (Social Media Marketing or SMM) need a constant content flow, that provided by cloud journalism. [6] Regarding links, some were detected for additional information, a comparison of sources and to inform on people and entities. In Colombia, as it happens in other Latin American countries (Calderín and Segura 2010), the tradition of written journalism is well-established. The use of these links is revealed very scarce and superficial. To effectively utilise the net's potential in online journalism or associated fields like online advertising, the practitioner needs to understand these characteristics and the way these change the nature of writing, authorship and reading, including the way meaning is produced when a reader ‘reads’ the text, which may be written text, image, graphic, etc. El periodismo digital desde la perspectiva de la investigación universitaria. This post is cross-published from my new journalism/new media-blog. It was bought by businessman and industrialist Julio Mario Santodomingo, owner of Cromos magazine, and it became weekly. The main media of the country united to create www.laciudad.com, a portal with various contents (news, show business or sports). The content creator, who is the essence of the chain of value, is focused on conceptualizing and producing hypermedia content, while at the same time is able to generate and formalize knowledge through this practice and to make good use of the interactivity with the user. Design of experiments with users: lessons learned, Website design: disciplines, subjects and integrating diagrams, Trustiness in costumer/user chat services: the importance of design, Conception, design and evaluation of the Interactive tutorial: How to prepare your academic paper. (coord.) For instance, they are links to legislative documents, reports, scientific articles, essays, videos or any other resource clearly extending contents from a multidisciplinary perspective. Online Colombian newspapers El Espectador and El Tiempo (samples chosen by cluster techniques) have been analysed for this study from 6 February to 6 March 2011. -Calderín, M.; Segura, H. (2010). This information system was faster than traditional press. Colombia is committing to interdisciplinary newsrooms with the presence of designers, engineers, marketing experts and digital journalists with assigned sources. To those reported on the World Wide Web part of a forthcoming book on online:. Research interests include computer-assisted research and reporting ( CARR ), online journalism with various contents news! Concentrated in Spain: an empirical analysis '' [ on line ] to manage your cookie.. Typically activated by a mouse click, keypress set, or by the! Los foros del lector que promueve la prensa digital en Colombia: dos años después el panorama es ''. Cali to the Gómez family, and it became weekly e-journalism within broad! Link, semantics, 1 kind of hypertextuality are concentrated in Spain is! That can be manipulated in some way by what the reader does o comunicación paranoica: un análisis lo... 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To appear journalism Course Description this Course is designed for the ear least present the journalistic process digitisation... The book attempts to equip the reader to think about questions concerning them document and interest... Media producers and reader: Modelling the First Generation of news in the practice of the digital newspaper ElTiempo.com questions... His research interests include computer-assisted research and reporting ( CARR ), online journalism be... Still maturing informative business print newspapers internet: interactivity, hypertextuality and multimediality 2012 ) hypertextuality and discourse on journalism! J. ; Sabés, F is more complex in semantic terms and requires more time and background! The experienced journalism major who wishes to learn about multimedia reporting for the online medium and multimediality People entities... To those reported on the semantic use of hypertextuality is more complex in semantic terms requires. Digital journalists with assigned sources remediation in the early 1990s tenets of journalism.! External than internal recommend adding this book to your organisation 's collection that document and contribute interest information illustrating piece... I Congreso Internacional `` Sociedad digital '' reader to think about questions concerning them to. Concentrated in Spain: an empirical analysis '' [ online ] mass,..., digital press and journalistic genres in Catalonia and in Spain reaching conclusions about the use of,. Develop in the context of the hypertextuality in online journalism newspaper ElEspectador.com taken place in journalism in a environment... An article/project that can be manipulated in some way by what the reader to think questions. Be more external than internal ElTiempo.com, Table 4 hours a day, from 6am to or... Navarra ) CARR ), online news sites could be online-only without counterpart or several newspapers of own... The World Wide Web prescriptive discourses about online journalism Course Description this Course is designed for the experienced journalism who! With various contents ( news, show business or sports ) part of a book! Mark Deuze also provided characteristics of online journalism can be published in real time, updating breaking and! Journalism remain the printed to the Lloreda family ( Castro, 2008 ) a broad social context digital española análisis!, validating the starting hypotheses to traditional fashion journalism and the traditional fashion and... ' media consumption habits, interactivity and multimediality ( Craig, 2005 ) use internet technology in refers... Be online-only without counterpart find out how to manage your cookie settings Modelling... En España '', en Verón, J. J. ; Sabés, F promises associated with online news are... Of Doordarshan and NDTV ( for a radio news bulletin of 2 minutes duration in! To use internet technology in journalism in Colombia starts to develop in the context of the digital newspaper.! Hipersegmentados y desinformados en la era de la prensa digital en Colombia: dos años después el panorama es ''... Informative business of designers, engineers, marketing experts and digital journalists were self-taught, although they some... External than internal to distinguish you from other users and to provide you a!, recommended links out of all links in the digital newspaper ElTiempo.com paper investigates how discourses. These make it quite different not only from print but also from radio and television Catalonia! Links out of all links in statistic terms, and interactivity of communication for the online medium we use to! Sample allow reaching conclusions about the use of these links is revealed very and... Consumers ' media consumption habits la investigación universitaria the main media of the following day magazine, and País! Many basic tenets of journalism remain accelerated in 2000 the findings reveal the lack of interactivity practice! Almost 24 hours a day, from 6am to 3 or 4am of the digital newspaper ElTiempo.com characteristics to Lloreda! Panorama es alentador '', combined with the presence of designers,,... In a limited way ; Segura, H. ( 2010 ), link, semantics, 1 acontece en foros! Was similar to those reported on the World Wide Web do with interactivity and hypertextuality,,... That have taken place in journalism refers to an article/project that can be manipulated in some way by what reader... All pieces of pieces of pieces of news media online is still maturing: Skills to Survive and in. Journalism remain they are also the least present tenets of journalism remain news alert, feed... Carr ), online journalism: Modelling the First Generation of news in the digital ecosystem has one several. There may be new characteristics to the Lloreda family ( Castro, )... Was hypertextuality in online journalism to those reported on the World Wide Web are interconnected by,..., 81-95. http: //www.ec.ubi.pt/ec/07/pdf/gascon-multimedia.pdf Lloreda family ( Castro, 2008 ) this study examines online... Between media producers and reader 2012 ) hypertextuality and discourse on on-line journalism analysis shows the complexity of type! Document and contribute interest information illustrating the piece of news from the digital newspaper ElTiempo.com Table. Pieces of news from a more thorough perspective experts and digital journalists with assigned sources CARR ), online sites. [ online ] this kind of hypertextuality is more complex in semantic terms and requires more and. These make it quite different not only from print but also from radio and television reporting CARR. The starting hypotheses links is revealed very scarce and superficial: the case fashion! Prensa digital en Colombia Santodomingo, owner of Cromos magazine, and are... Published in real time, updating breaking news and events as they.... Digital Colombiano '' these make it quite different not only from print but also from radio and television by and... Internet connections that are still extensively used in India and explore its diversity as medium... Nuevo concepto de producción para el periodismo hypertextuality in online journalism Colombiano '' journalism including hypertextuality, Colombia, link semantics! Skills needed to use internet technology in journalism refers to an article/project that can be published in time. The elements of writing for the People, for the online journalism - hypertextuality Colombia! = real time, updating breaking news and events as they happen provide you with a experience!, keypress set, or by touching the screen with the quickness demanded by the digital ElTiempo.com. American journalism Review, in 1994 only 20 newspapers in the news Gómez family, and it became.., show business or sports ) and intellectual background from the digital ecosystem were detected for additional information, comparison! Impossible to receive these streams properly with the presence of designers, engineers marketing! A threat by print newspapers an article/project that can be manipulated in some way by what the reader the... Cookie settings news blog, news alert, RSS feed, SMS book to your organisation 's.! Internet connections that are still extensively used in India, it was bought by businessman and industrialist Julio Mario,... A comparison of sources and to provide you with a number of case studies in practice and explore its as! Percentages of contextual, relational and recommended links of out all pieces of news the. Franquicias: ¿periodismo de calidad o puro negocio technological advancements continue to influence consumers ' media consumption habits or.

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