Another national minority are the Kven people, descendants of Finnish-speaking people who migrated to northern Norway from the 18th up to the 20th century. Geography, climate and environment", "Norske steder blant de tørreste i Europa (Places in Norway among the driest in Europe)", "Climate of Norway: Temperature, Climate graph, Climate table for Norway", "Updated world map of the Koppen-Geiger climate classification", "World map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "World Weather Information Service – Bergen", "Bergen – Florida Climate Normals: Temperature 2005–2014, all other data 1961–1990", "Bergen, Norway Monthly temperature weather history", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "WWF – Norway's forest heritage under threat", "25 Reasons Norway Is The Greatest Place On Earth", "Best, Worst World Heritage Sites Ranked", "Norway: come for the sun, stay for the light show", "2016 Environmental Performance Index (excel/xls)", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", World's Top Democratic Governments: Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index 2010 (PHOTOS), Sida/Så arbetar vi/EIU_Democracy_Index_Dec2011.pdf Democracy index 2011, Democracy Index 2013: Global Democracy At A Standstill, The Economist Intelligence Unit's Annual Report Shows, "itemid":%5b"001-81356"%5d} "Case of Folgerø and Others v. Norway", "Norway election: Erna Solberg to form new government", "Norge utvider Dronning Maud Land helt frem til Sydpolen", "Global Corruption Barometer 2013-Norway". From 1945 to 1962, the Labour Party held an absolute majority in the parliament. "Northmen's land").  Permafrost can be found all year in the higher mountain areas and in the interior of Finnmark county. Internationally recognised Norwegian scientists include the mathematicians Niels Henrik Abel, Sophus Lie and Atle Selberg, physical chemist Lars Onsager, physicist Ivar Giaever, chemists Odd Hassel, Peter Waage, and Cato Maximilian Guldberg. The capital of Oslo is considered both a county and a municipality. Because of the large latitudinal range of the country and the varied topography and climate, Norway has a larger number of different habitats than almost any other European country. More recently, bands such as Enslaved, Kvelertak, Dimmu Borgir and Satyricon have evolved the genre into the present day while still garnering worldwide fans. The northern coast of Norway would thus be ice-covered if not for the Gulf Stream. The government, led by prime minister Einar Gerhardsen, embarked on a program inspired by Keynesian economics, emphasising state financed industrialisation and co-operation between trade unions and employers' organisations. Frits Thaulow, an impressionist, was influenced by the art scene in Paris as was Christian Krohg, a realist painter, famous for his paintings of prostitutes.. Two major events precipitated a major resurgence in Norwegian literature: in 1811 a Norwegian university was established in Christiania. All three languages are to a degree mutually intelligible and can be, and commonly are, employed in communication among inhabitants of the Scandinavian countries. From the Embassy: Newest updates on the Covid-19 situation . Christianity is the predominant religion constituting about 84.70% of the population followed by Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and other religions. The troubles in Punjab after Operation Blue Star and riots committed against Sikhs in India after the assassination of Indira Gandhi led to an increase in Sikh refugees moving to Norway. In 2011, Norway suffered two terrorist attacks on the same day conducted by Anders Behring Breivik which struck the government quarter in Oslo and a summer camp of the Labour party's youth movement at Utøya island, resulting in 77 deaths and 319 wounded. Enormous masses of soil, gravel, and stone were also carried by glacial action as far south as present-day Denmark and northern Germany. Members of the Royal family are required to be members of the Lutheran church. They caused an uproar because of his candid portrayals of the middle classes, complete with infidelity, unhappy marriages, and corrupt businessmen. , For an extended period, the Norwegian art scene was dominated by artwork from Germany and Holland as well as by the influence of Copenhagen. The Vikings from Norway were most active in the northern and western British Isles and eastern North America isles. It was in the 19th century that a truly Norwegian era began, first with portraits, later with impressive landscapes. Students who are children of immigrant parents are encouraged to learn the Norwegian language. German, French and Spanish are also commonly taught as second or, more often, third languages. Projected 2011–2060 in fourteen variants. Jan Garbarek, Terje Rypdal, Mari Boine, Arild Andersen and Bugge Wesseltoft are internationally recognised while Paal Nilssen-Love, Supersilent, Jaga Jazzist and Wibutee are becoming world-class artists of the younger generation.. Norway is mostly a high, mountainous plateau covered by bare rock. The investment choices of the Norwegian fund are directed by ethical guidelines; for example, the fund is not allowed to invest in companies that produce parts for nuclear weapons. As a unitary sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the parliament, the cabinet and the supreme court, as determined by the 1814 constitution. Upon his release, Marcus Thrane attempted unsuccessfully to revitalise his movement, but after the death of his wife, he migrated to the United States.. From the 19th century up to the 1970s, the Norwegian government tried to assimilate both the Sámi and the Kven, encouraging them to adopt the majority language, culture and religion. 1. Bjørnson's "peasant novels", such as Ein glad gut (A Happy Boy) and Synnøve Solbakken, are typical of the Norwegian romantic nationalism of their day.  Nevertheless, Norway was, in 1990, the first country to recognise ILO-convention 169 on indigenous people recommended by the UN. Norway participated in the 1990s brokering of the Oslo Accords, an unsuccessful attempt to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.  Norway has ratified all relevant international anti-corruption conventions, and its standards of implementation and enforcement of anti-corruption legislation are considered very high by many international anti-corruption working groups such as the OECD Anti-Bribery Working Group. , In 2013 the infant mortality rate was 2.5 per 1,000 live births among children under the age of one. Even in its first year, "Musikkens Dag" gathered thousands of people and artists in the streets of Oslo. Dependent on fishing and farming, early Norwegians developed a seafaring tradition that would reach its apex in the Viking era, when Norse warriors regularly raided the British Isles, the coasts of western Europe, and even the interior of Russia; the Vikings also established colonies in Iceland and Greenland and explored the coast of North America (which Leif Eriksson called Vinland) more than a thousand years ago. In 2000, the government sold one-third of the state-owned oil company Statoil in an IPO. While Denmark, Sweden and Finland obtained membership, the Norwegian electorate rejected the treaties of accession in referenda in 1972 and 1994. Around 95% of the population speak Norwegian as their first or native language, although many speak dialects that may differ significantly from the written languages. In regard to LGBT rights, Norway was the first country in the world to enact an anti-discrimination law protecting the rights of gays and lesbians. Weakened by plague and economic deterioration in the late Middle Ages and dominated by neighbouring Denmark and Sweden, Norwegians turned to trading in fish and lumber, and modern Norway, which gained its independence in 1905, emerged as a major maritime transporter of the world’s goods as well as a world leader in specialized shipbuilding. The fund invests in developed financial markets outside Norway. She was on the verge of achieving this goal when Olaf IV suddenly died. The maritime influence also dominates Norway's climate with mild lowland temperatures on the sea coasts, whereas the interior, while colder, is also a lot milder than areas elsewhere in the world on such northerly latitudes. The region of Norway, Sweden and Denmark is usually refered to as Scandinavia, with Norway and Sweden forming the Scandinavian peninsula. In 1905, the country welcomed the prince from neighbouring Denmark, his wife Maud of Wales and their young son to re-establish Norway's royal house. , Particularly in the 19th century, when economic conditions were difficult in Norway, tens of thousands of people migrated to the United States and Canada, where they could work and buy land in frontier areas. According to 2009 mobilisation plans, full mobilisation produces approximately 83,000 combatant personnel. Some of the most memorable female solo artists from Norway are Susanne Sundfør, Sigrid, Astrid S, Adelén, Julie Bergan, Maria Mena, Tone Damli, Margaret Berger, Lene Marlin, Christel Alsos, Maria Arredondo, Marion Raven and Marit Larsen (both former members of the defunct pop-rock group M2M), Lene Nystrøm (vocalist of the Danish eurodance group Aqua) and Anni-Frid Lyngstad (vocalist of the Swedish pop group ABBA). Use our interactive map, address lookup, or code list to find the correct zip code for your postal mails destination. Hornindalsvatnet is the deepest lake in all Europe.  The judiciary is independent of executive and legislative branches. In reality, however, Norway had been pressured by the British to hand over increasingly large parts of its large merchant fleet to the British at low rates, as well as to join the trade blockade against Germany. Presidential Address: The Scandinavian Colonies in England and Normandy. Learn about fjords, northern lights, midnight sun, where to stay, walking, fishing and more. Other nations with economies based on natural resources, such as Russia, are trying to learn from Norway by establishing similar funds. In 1898, all men were granted universal suffrage, followed by all women in 1913. Espen Lind has written and produced songs for Beyoncé, Lionel Richie and Leona Lewis, among others. , The adjective Norwegian, recorded from c. 1600, is derived from the latinisation of the name as Norwegia; in the adjective Norwegian, the Old English spelling '-weg' has survived. Technically, the PS4 isn't a region-locked device. The interpretation as "northern", as reflected in the English and Latin forms of the name, would then have been due to later folk etymology. Norway also proclaimed its neutrality during the Second World War, but despite this, it was invaded by German forces on 9 April 1940. The extremely hard bedrock, which consists mostly of granite and other heat- and pressure-formed materials, ranges from one to two billion years in age. The majority of the population is fairly fluent in English, especially those born after World War II. Some very rich soils are found below these old marine coastal regions. In most cases, the city borders are coterminous with the borders of their respective municipalities. Coastal fauna provided a means of livelihood for fishermen and hunters, who may have made their way along the southern coast about 10,000 BC when the interior was still covered with ice. The films Die Another Day, The Golden Compass, Spies Like Us and Heroes of Telemark, as well as the TV series Lilyhammer and Vikings also had scenes set in Norway. The history of Norwegian literature starts with the pagan Eddaic poems and skaldic verse of the 9th and 10th centuries, with poets such as Bragi Boddason and Eyvindr skáldaspillir. Up Norway – tailored journeys. About two-thirds of Norway is mountainous, and off its much-indented coastline lie, carved by deep glacial fjords, some 50,000 islands. Lene Marlin has written songs for Rihanna and Lovebugs. The only other long river is the 224-mile- (360-km-) long Tana-Anarjåkka, which runs northeast along part of the border with Finland. Norway and the Region. nr. Civil society organisations also continue to play an important role, and the women's rights organisations are today organised in the Norwegian Women's Lobby umbrella organisation. Education follows the Bologna Process involving Bachelor (3 years), Master (2 years) and PhD (3 years) degrees. Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities. The lowlands around Oslo have the warmest and sunniest summers, but also cold weather and snow in wintertime.. The primary foreign language taught in Norwegian schools is English, considered an international language since the post-WWII era. Norway was neutral during the First World War. All Norwegian dialects are mutually intelligible, although listeners with limited exposure to dialects other than their own may struggle to understand certain phrases and pronunciations in some other dialects. Due to the temperate waters of the Gulf Stream, Norway has a much milder climate than other parts of the world at the same latitude, such as Alaska, Greenland, and Siberia.The coldest areas in the winter are often inland or far to the north. Dollars and U.S. = 100. Harald V of the House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway.  Among other arguments in favour of the theory, it is pointed out that the word has a long vowel in Skaldic poetry and is not attested with <ð> in any native Norse texts or inscriptions (the earliest runic attestations have the spellings nuruiak and nuriki). Constitutionally, legislative power is vested with both the government and the Parliament of Norway, but the latter is the supreme legislature and a unicameral body. Despite Norway experiencing a great decline in religiosity, religion remains an important cultural aspect to the country.  A total of 41,089,675 passengers passed through Norwegian airports in 2007, of whom 13,397,458 were international.. Norway was a founding member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA).  Additionally, Norway has contributed in several missions in contexts of the United Nations, NATO, and the Common Security and Defence Policy of the European Union. Norway's 11 regions will assume control of a number of areas such as infrastructure, education, culture, business development and outdoor life. Both are used in public administration, schools, churches, and media. The English name Norway comes from the Old English word Norþweg mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", which is how the Anglo-Saxons referred to the coastline of Atlantic Norway similar to leading theory about the origin of the Norwegian language name. Nearly half of the inhabitants of the country live in the far south, in the region around Oslo, the capital. The longest fjord in the world is Scoresby Sund in Greenland (350 km), but the Western Norway region (Fjord Norway) boasts the next two spots on the list, with the Sognefjord (203 km), and the Hardanger Fjord (179 km). A fine example, Urnes Stave Church in inner Sognefjord, is on UNESCO's World Heritage List.  60 countries maintain an embassy in Norway, all of them in the capital, Oslo. As in other Scandinavian countries, the ancient Norse followed a form of native Germanic paganism known as Norse paganism. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland is sometimes … By the end of the war, the force had grown to 58 ships and 7,500 men in service in the Royal Norwegian Navy, 5 squadrons of aircraft (including Spitfires, Sunderland flying boats and Mosquitos) in the newly formed Norwegian Air Force, and land forces including the Norwegian Independent Company 1 and 5 Troop as well as No. Far larger than most people realise. The coastline of the mainland including fjords stretches 28,953 kilometres (17,991 mi), when islands are included the coastline has been estimated to 100,915 kilometres (62,706 mi). Between 3000 and 2500 BC, new settlers (Corded Ware culture) arrived in eastern Norway. I Knut Helle (red. Inequalities and social differences are still present in public health in Norway today. The earliest traces of human occupation in Norway are found along the coast, where the huge ice shelf of the , Norway contains significant mineral resources, and in 2013, its mineral production was valued at US$1.5 billion (Norwegian Geological Survey data). The Courts' strict and formal mission is to regulate the Norwegian judicial system, interpret the Constitution, and as such implement the legislation adopted by Parliament. , The country has the fourth-highest per-capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists.  A direct high-speed train connects to Oslo Central Station every 10 minutes for a 20 min ride. From 1814, c. 45% of men (25 years and older) had the right to vote, whereas the United Kingdom had c. 20% (1832), Sweden c. 5% (1866), and Belgium c. 1.15% (1840). , From the 8th to the 10th century, the wider Scandinavian region was the source of Vikings. "The Re-establishing of a Norwegian State", "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income", "Norwegian Society / Living in Norway / StudyinNorway / Home – Study in Norway", "Statistics Norway raises '07 GDP outlook, cuts '08", "Country Comparison :: Crude oil – production", "Country Comparison :: Natural gas – production", "The World's Biggest Wealth Fund Hits $1 Trillion", "Human Development Report 2019: Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: Inequalities in human development in the 21st century", "Happiness is on the wane in the US, UN global report finds", "Norway has another year with few murders", "Different genetic components in the Norwegian population revealed by the analysis of mtDNA and Y chromosome polymorphisms", Finding the family in medieval and early modern Scotland, The savage wars of peace: England, Japan and the Malthusian trap, "Marcus Møller Thrane – Norwegian journalist and socialist", "Norwegian volunteers in the Wehrmacht and SS", "Kriegsende in der Arktis: Die vergessenen Haudegen", "Norwegian minister Espen Eide urges UK caution on quitting EU", "Fuglefjellet skal lære folk sjøfuglene å kjenne", "Explore North Cape, Europe's northernmost point", "Statistisk årbok 2013: Geografisk oversikt", "Minifacts about Norway 2009: 2. Church services and participants, by diocese. Most of their 32,700 members live in and around Oslo. After some loading, you will be teleported to the other region! Like most of Norway, Sørlandet has a strip of lowland along its coast that quickly rises into interior mountains and plateaus. In 2018 and 2019, Whatson has toured the Oslo region to add colour to seven destinations close to where he grew up. Capital: Oslo. The region Central Norway is often used as a synonym to Trøndelag, but can include some of Møre og Romsdal especially Nordmøre and parts of Romsdal. However, the Norwegian Council of State was too weak to pull out of the union. The documentary film Kon-Tiki (1950) won an Academy Award. The Norwegian government offers language instructional courses for immigrants wishing to obtain Norwegian citizenship.  Some quirky Norwegian speciality is rakefisk, which is a fermented trout, consumed with thin flatbread (flatbrød, not lefse) and sour cream. However, the administration of government took on a very conservative feudal character.  In 2018 the median age of the Norwegian population was 39.3 years. “The county structure will now be better adapted to the social challenges we face and facilitate a strengthened social development role for the counties,” said the government in a press release. This was a gradual process which took place because of farmers borrowing money in poor times and not being able to repay. In practice, the Prime Minister exercises the executive powers. Charles John was a complex man whose long reign extended to 1844. The government controls its petroleum resources through a combination of state ownership in major operators in the oil fields (with approximately 62% ownership in Statoil in 2007) and the fully state-owned Petoro, which has a market value of about twice Statoil, and SDFI. Skjåk in Oppland county is also in the rain shadow and is one of the driest places with 278 millimetres (10.9 inches) precipitation annually. In this way, the losses incurred by the market turmoil was recuperated by November 2009. Power is separated among the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, as defined by the Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. The MENA Region, also referred to as the Arab World, is a group of 23 countries that are in the Middle East and North Africa. The major exception is the wide Jæren Plain, south of Stavanger. These ship types may have their origin as far back as the neolithic period and they continue into the Pre-Roman Iron Age, as exemplified by the Hjortspring boat.. , Upon the death of Haakon V (King of Norway) in 1319, Magnus Erikson, at just three years old, inherited the throne as King Magnus VII of Norway. The MENA Region. But following the introduction of a parliamentary system of government, the duties of the monarch have since become strictly representative and ceremonial, such as the formal appointment and dismissal of the Prime Minister and other ministers in the executive government. This period also saw the rise of the Norwegian romantic nationalism, as Norwegians sought to define and express a distinct national character. Coming at a time when Norway's economy is in good condition with low unemployment, the rise of the right appeared to be based on other issues.  Ohthere told Alfred that he was "the most northern of all Norwegians", presumably at Senja island or closer to Tromsø. Popular tourist destinations in Norway include Oslo, Ålesund, Bergen, Stavanger, Trondheim, Kristiansand and Tromsø. Traditional wooden buildings that were constructed in Røros have survived. Secondly, seized by the spirit of revolution following the American and French revolutions, the Norwegians created their first Constitution in 1814.   Some Norwegian and Sámi celebrities are reported to visit shamans for guidance.. Nous vous recommandons vivement de découvrir une région à la fois, et revenir une autre fois pour explorer le reste. The 2013 Norwegian parliamentary election brought a more conservative government to power, with the Conservative Party and the Progress Party winning 43% of the electorate's votes. The coastal climate of Norway is exceptionally mild compared with areas on similar latitudes elsewhere in the world, with the Gulf Stream passing directly offshore the northern areas of the Atlantic coast, continuously warming the region in the winter. 1 January 2019", "Population 1 January 2011 and 2012 and changes in 2011, by immigration category and country background", "Norway abolishes state-sponsored Church of Norway", "Norway and its national church part ways", Norwegian Church passes milestone in modification of its links with State, "KOSTRA (Municipality-State-Reporting): Church", "Church of Norway. Following the plebiscite, he was unanimously elected king by the Norwegian Parliament, the first king of a fully independent Norway in 508 years (1397: Kalmar Union); he took the name Haakon VII. Link to available information can be found here. Glaciation and other forces wore down the surface and created thick sandstone, conglomerate, and limestone deposits known as sparagmite. Huge burial cairns built close to the sea as far north as Harstad and also inland in the south are characteristic of this period.  The rugged coastline is broken by huge fjords and thousands of islands. Many communities were entirely wiped out, resulting in an abundance of land, allowing farmers to switch to more animal husbandry. Little Norwegian literature came out of the period of the Scandinavian Union and the subsequent Dano-Norwegian union (1387–1814), with some notable exceptions such as Petter Dass and Ludvig Holberg. Islam is followed by 3.4% of the population. Association football is the most popular sport in Norway in terms of active membership. The two most prominent are the European route E6 going north–south through the entire country, and the E39, which follows the West Coast.  Physical address: UBC II Building, 18th floor 591 Sukhumvit Rd., Soi 33 Bangkok 10110 Thailand (BTS Phrom Phong) Postal address P.O. While the Prime Minister nominates Supreme Court Justices for office, their nomination must be approved by Parliament and formally confirmed by the Monarch in the Council of State. Although some insist that "indigenous Sámi religion had effectively been eradicated,' athropologist Gutorm Gjessing's Changing Lapps (1954) argues that the Sámi's "were outwardly and to all practical purposes converted to Christianity, but at the subconscious and unconscious level, the shamistic frenzy survived, more or less latent, only awaiting the necessary stimulus to break out into the open.  The harvest failed in Scandinavia at least nine times between 1740 and 1800, with great loss of life.. Particular successes were Kristin Lavransdatter, based on a novel by a Nobel Prize winner; The Telegraphist and Gurin with the Foxtail. Temperature anomalies found in coastal locations are exceptional, with Røst and Værøy lacking a meteorological winter in spite of being north of the Arctic Circle. Postal codes for all regions in Norway. , In 1349, the Black Death radically altered Norway, killing between 50% and 60% of its population and leaving it in a period of social and economic decline. This led to the development of Nynorsk in the 19th century and to the formation of alternative spelling standards in the 20th century. For girls it was 2.7 and for boys 2.3, which is the lowest infant mortality rate for boys ever recorded in Norway.. Following the recession caused by the Napoleonic Wars, economic development of Norway remained slow until economic growth began around 1830.. Norway's culinary traditions show the influence of long seafaring and farming traditions, with salmon (fresh and cured), herring (pickled or marinated), trout, codfish, and other seafood, balanced by cheeses (such as brunost), dairy products, and breads (predominantly dark/darker). Norway derived its name from the coastal atlantics Norway. 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